Types of Linux Operating Systems and their Strengths – Of course there is nothing wrong with getting to know various types of Linux operating systems with all their uniqueness and advantages.
The operating system is a type of program designed to manage hardware resources on a computer, and functions as a place to provide general services for software applications.
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An operating system is a type of software in a computer system. Where without an operating system, users cannot run application programs on the computer, except for booting applications. The operating system also has systematic scheduling consisting of memory usage, data processing, data storage, and other resources.
Where the operating system here acts as an intermediary between software and hardware, and vice versa. Although in its execution, the application code is usually executed directly by the hardware and will contact the operating system if the connection is lost.
Until now, there are quite a lot of different types of operating systems in circulation. Where each type of operating system has advantages and disadvantages so that users can choose which operating system is the best according to their needs.
What is Linux?
Linux is a UNIX-based operating system, one example of the development results of free software (Freeware) and open source (Open Source), the average Linux OS user is a programmer to create a program and also a developer to develop applications more easily.
Now in this article, Koneksia.com will discuss the various types of Linux operating systems along with their advantages and disadvantages, so that you can get to know the Linux operating system more clearly, including:
Advantages of the Linux Operating System
Linux can be obtained easily and even free (freely) without the need to pay a license and a user and can download Linux source code. Even if you want to see this OS you can because Linux is Free and Open Source Software, in other words, Linux can be developed by anyone.
In installing Linux, basically, all hardware can be detected immediately and includes applications that support Linux OS. So that once installed, the application can be used immediately. Thus you no longer need to install other hardware drivers such as VGA, motherboard, chipset, and soundcard.
Linux also provides a fairly complete software collection, where this software is usually needed for desktops, laptops/notebooks, and PC servers. If during installation, the software is missing, the user can easily add the software via the repository that has been provided. However, there is some software on Linux that requires installing several windows applications on Linux such as crossover and wine.
Linux is proven to be reliable and stable. This is the reason why many servers use Linux OS compared to other OS. Even after completing system configuration, the user does not need to restart (warm boot)
Of the many types of OS (operating system), Linux is an OS that is safe against viruses, because besides the number of viruses on this OS is very minimal, Linux OS manages very tight security so that it will usually make the virus unable to operate/run on Linux OS This way, the user can immediately delete the virus easily via the delete button.
Linux also has the ability to do bug or flaw fixes very quickly. This is because Linux is developed by a Linux community, where the Linux community can provide suggestions and fix bugs or defects through documentation.
There are many kinds of Linux that have their own characteristics and advantages. Make sure you choose the type of Linux that suits your needs.
Disadvantages of the Linux Operating System
Linux lacks support from hardware manufacturers in terms of controllers (drivers). So that requires Linux developers to create this driver control system.
Linux also lacks support from some gamers. So that when playing games on Linux, the game display is not full screen.
Linux still has some software that can only run on other operating systems and there is no open-source replacement software on Linux OS.
There are various types of Linux operating systems, including Debian Linux (server OS), Redhat Linux (easy installation for beginners), SuSe Linux (Linux OS that supports the Indonesian language programming language). For more details, see some of the Types of Linux Operating Systems below:
Types of Linux Operating Systems
1. Red Hat Linux
If you are looking for a type of Linux operating system, the installation process is very easy to do. Then your answer is Redhat Linux. The RedHat Linux operating system is one of the oldest GNU / Linux systems, offering convenience, a fully graphical display mode from the time of installation, and user-friendly.
The latest version of Red Hat is the RedHat Linux 9.0 Distribution, it is a stable version and fixes and improves system administration which comes with the latest desktop managers like KDE 3.1 and GNOME 2.2 and the latest applications such as GIMP 1.2.3 graphics, OpenOffice, KOffice, Diagrams, Multimedia applications Player, etc.
2. Debian Linux
Debian is a type of Linux operating system that has been around for a long time since 1999 and continues to be developed regularly every year until now it has entered version 8.
If you are looking for an operating system that is suitable for server computers or for admin computers. So the answer is the Debian Linux operating system because this operating system is suitable if it is used as a server or admin computer.
This type of Linux operating system is less suitable for personal purposes because its function is more for use on server and admin computer systems.
3. Ubuntu Linux
Ubuntu is a type of Linux operating system which is based on Debian. The difference is this Ubuntu operating system can be used not only on server computers and admin computers but also can and is suitable for use on personal or personal computers. The Ubuntu project itself is financed by Canonical Ltd (a company owned by Mark Shuttleworth).
Since then, Canonical has released a new version of Ubuntu every 6 months. Each release is supported for 18 months for the system, security, and bug updates. Every 2 years (version xx.04 with x even numbers) will get Long Term Support (LTS), for 3 years for the desktop and 5 years for the server edition.
Even the latest version is also conditioned for use on smartphone devices. Therefore, this type of Linux operating system is the most widely used of the various existing Linux operating systems. On October 31, 2011, Mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 14.04 would support smartphones, tablets, and smart TVs.
4. Linux Mint
If Ubuntu was a development from Debian, then Linux Mint is arguably the grandson of Debian because it was developed on the basis of Ubuntu. The Linux Mint operating system was developed for personal or personal (PC) use and is divided into 2 variants, namely CINNAMON and MATE.
CINNAMON is a Linux Mint OS that is more modern than Linux MATE, but the drawbacks are less stable than MATE Linux, CINNAMON Linux also doesn’t support many graphics cards on some computers or laptops.
5. Fedora Linux
Fedora (formerly Fedora Core, sometimes also known as Fedora Linux) is a Linux distribution based on RPM and yum developed by the Fedora Project which is supported by the programming community and sponsored by Red Hat. The latest version is Fedora 24.
Fedora 24 is considered to have many advantages in terms of platforms and applications, such as the ‘Glitch-Free’ version for PulseAudio, the Security system, Audit and Intrusion-Detection Sectool, PackageKit-Framework. Even so, Fedora has shortcomings, including updates that are not as regular as Ubuntu due to the type and development process.
6. SuSE Linux
The SuSE Linux operating system is most interested and used in most European countries. Although it is widely used by some Europeans there. The appearance of a fresher design and ease of management make it an added value for this Linux operating system.
The SuSE Linux operating system can also use Indonesian as one of the language choices used in this one computer operating system. With the choice of Indonesian, of course, it makes it easy to operate your computer.
7. CentOS Linux
CentOS is an enterprise operating system built on the Linux framework. This CentOS operating system was first released in 2004 and is one of the largest and most popular among Linux users. CentOS can be used and is also developed for free, the CentOS operating system is not intended for beginners.
However, CentOS is intended for server users who have more knowledge, have the ability to use Linux, as well as users who are able to do computer programming, and also know the systems and applications that are currently running.
8. Slackware Linux
Slackware is the oldest of all Linux operating systems, created by Patrick Volkerding. Slackware was originally a personal project, and in order not to get serious, Patrick named this project “slack” from the Church of SubGenius which means a state in which a person uses the least amount of energy possible to live.
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Which are your favorite Linux Operating System Types? maybe interested in moving from Windows OS to Linux OS? or do you have your favorite distro choice that hasn’t been mentioned? please leave them in the comments!
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